A study of the structure and various systems that go into a country’s Government can provide a deeper understanding of how the United States of America functions. Thus, this work aims to study the forces of the three branches of the American Government and what is included in their responsibilities. Moreover, this work will provide information about where authority can be found in the constitution and about the role of the President and Congress in the process of adopting a particular law. The value of this work is to provide useful information about the system of functioning of the United States.
Thus, the first aspect that needs to be considered is the role of each branch of Government in terms of creating, implementing, enacting, vetoing, and reviewing a statute. A characteristic feature of the Government of the United States of America is the division of power into various branches. Among them are legislative, executive, and judicial, each of which has certain responsibilities. However, it is worth noting that the idea of such a separation was not initiated from the very beginning of the system. This education has roots based in philosophical and historical teachings. Most of the information was obtained from data collected and developed by Polybius, Montesquieu, William Blackstone, and John Locke (Harr, 2017). They developed concepts about what features the state should have in order to work properly.
Another feature of the United States Government is the checks and balances system. It implies an approach to controlling legislative, executive, and judicial branches. This system aims to ensure an equal distribution of power between the three branches so that none of the abuses their powers. An example of the distribution of powers is the fact that the President is the head of the executive Branch and is commander in chief of the military forces. Congress also plays a central role in the legislative Branch, which appropriates funds for the military and votes to declare war. Another branch called the Senate must ratify any peace treaties. Therefore, the President nominates federal officials, but the Senate confirms those nominations.
Further, it is necessary to consider in more detail what each Branch of the Government is. Hence, article 1 of the United States Constitution describes that one of the branches is the Legislative Branch, which, as already mentioned, consists of Congress, whose main duties are creating laws. A distinctive feature of the legislative part of the Government is that it cannot transfer or reassign its responsibilities for creating laws to any other branches. Congress can provide regulatory guidelines to agencies if it provides them with a clear rationale on which to base their rules.
The next authority that plays an important role in the American Government and requires consideration is the executive Branch. Hence, article 2 establishes this Branch, the main part and representative of which is the President of the country. The main duty of the head of the country is to approve and carry out the laws put forward by the Legislative Branch. The last branch about which it is written in article 3 of the United States Constitution is the Judicial Branch. The main aspect of this branch is the United States Supreme Court. It is responsible for the interpretation of the laws that are transmitted by the President.
An important aspect of the authority of the U.S. Supreme Court and the procedures it uses for hearing various types of cases. The Supreme Court’s judicial review powers were established by the doctrine of Marbury v. Madison (1803). In the course of this proceeding, it was decided that an Act of Congress or the Constitution was the supreme law of the country (Nelson, 2018). The main powers are judicial control or to make decisions on the legality or illegality of the act. At the same time, these data may not be contained in the text of the Constitution itself.
The President and Congress play a special role in the adoption of laws, as they are directly involved in the development of laws that are considered by the Supreme Court. Thus, the main powers of the President are the implementation, implementation and enforcement of all aspects of the laws that are issued. This also includes the protection of the rights of citizens, which must be supported by all three authorities of the Government of the country. Other possibilities of the president are to veto laws that can be put forward by Congress.
An important aspect of the adoption of the law is the fact that it must be approved by both houses of Congress. These parts are the House of Representatives and the Senate. Only upon receiving confirmation from them can the law reach the President of the United States. If the president signs it, it already comes into force and becomes a full-fledged law. Congress can override or override a veto by receiving two-thirds of the votes in both the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Harr, J. S., Hess, K. M., & Orthmann, C. H. (2017). Constitutional law and the criminal justice system (7th Edition). Cengage Learning US.
Nelson, W. E. (2018). Marbury v. Madison: The origins and legacy of judicial review, revised and expanded. University Press of Kansas.