International Law Essay Examples for Free

International Law Essay Examples for Free

AlMarai Subsidiary in the United States of America

Introduction Almarai is a Saudi-based company that mainly deals with agricultural products. Over the years, the company has seen its product range diversify to include such agricultural products as dairy liquids, foods, bakery treats, juices, poultry, yogurt and desserts, among others (Almarai para 2). In its quest to become a...

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Libyan Embassy Attack – Whose Responsibility Is It?

Introduction Under the provisions of international law, freedom of religion is taken as a fundamental human right that should not be taken from any individual under any circumstances unless resulting in threatening human life. Recently, violence sprang in Libya, which spread across several Arab countries over what protestors called ‘American...

Inchoate Crimes and Criminal Responsibility Under International Law

Introduction It is often hard to prosecute crimes that involve international law as a result of the complex process that is involved. Many nations across the globe usually prosecute inchoate offences locally.However, there are certain circumstances where prosecuting inchoate offences locally is not possible and so, the international community is...

The Role of Arbitrators in International Commercial Arbitration

Introduction Arbitration as a concept is a term that largely identifies with legal systems and it varies across countries. These diversities reflect problems in the local environment and some cases stipulate different approaches to the entirely legal system.1 The legal system is comprised of civil law, common law, Islamic law,...

Dispute Settlement in the World Trade Organization

Introduction The purpose of this report is to discuss the dispute settlement process of the World Trade Organization (WTO), dispute settlement before the Uruguay Round, the position of developing countries under WTO dispute settlement, the current settlement process, and specific cases that take a long time to resolve under WTO...

Public International Law: Osama Bin Laden Killing

Introduction To address the issue of whether killing Osama bin Laden by military forces of the United States of America was lawful under international law, it is important to address his death by drawing focus from international law. In fact, the death of Bin Laden has raised several strange legal...

Constitutional International Law and Sovereignty

Introduction International Constitutional Law (ICL) refers to the discipline of constitutions and unites features of public international law, legal theory, and constitutional law. The separation between international law and inland law is critical in the Anglo-American legal opinion. International law lacks any centralized administration or hierarchical court structure sanctioned to...

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Diplomatic Immunity and Domestic Violence: Diplomats Cases

Introduction The United States of America took the initiative of detaining one of the Japanese citizens on claims that he had abused his wife. The diplomat was accused of abusing his wife physically. The wife reported him to the local law enforcement agency, which took the initiative of opening charges...

Jurisdiction Concept: Dow Jones & Company Inc v. Gutnick

Introduction of jurisdiction concept Jurisdiction is one of the concepts that falls under judicial civil litigation system. Basically, jurisdiction is concerned with the court authority to hear a case relating to certain persons and activities (Engelen, 2008). From a broader perspective, it entails answering questions such as; which law to...

A Dual-Solution Criterion in International Law Application

Introduction “In an age of globalization, issues relating to international business and law are of great importance to managers and business professionals around the world” (Gupta, 2008, p. 1). The above statement underscores the increasing importance of international business law in today’s business environment. The current business environment is intensely...

The Execution of the Results of International and Local Mediation in the U.A.E

Examining the Issue of Enforceability in Regard to the Recognition of Authority One of the inherent problems in the enforceability of international and local mediation outcomes is the recognition of authority without prior precedent, consent or agreement between the interstate actors involved. This means that an outcome that has been...

Questions Based on the Constitutional Law of the EU

A Directive by the European Union council is a binding legislative act addressed to a specific member state or states requiring them to achieve a certain goal. Once a member state adopts a directive there is a clear timetable that guides its implementation and the expected results. In this case two...

Regional Trade Agreements in the WTO Regime

Introduction Regional trade agreements (RTAs) in the WTO regime are reciprocal trade agreements between two or more WTO members. RTAs started proliferating in the 1990s and so far about 511 notifications of RTAs have been received by the WTO as of January 2012. About 319 of them are believed to...

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Conflicts of Interest: Disclosure Dilemma for Arbitrators

Article 12 (1) of the UNICITRAL Model law requires an arbitrator to disclose without delay any circumstances that are likely to give rise to justifiable doubts as to his/her impartiality or independence. This is an obligation that continues till the end of the entire arbitral proceedings. The practical difficulties arbitrators...

Expropriation: Legality of the Procedure and the Nuances of Application

Introduction There is a settled law that no assets of foreigners can be expropriated by a country without sufficient compensation regardless of the purpose for which i.e. public purpose or otherwise, the assets are taken. Originally, until twenty-five years ago, disputes before courts and academic debates centred around standard compensation...

Threat Analysis: Richmond International Airport

Introduction Since the mission statement of the Richmond International Airport is to “provide access to high-quality, safe air travel services for the citizens of Central Virginia and through its air travel and related facilities, to serve as the catalyst for economic development of the region” (n.d., para. 1), it is...

The Public International Law

Introduction The world today that is divided into continents has been further split into territories that are under jurisdictions of authorities that run and manage the affairs of the specific territories. These territories are marked as states. The types of territorial rules differ from one state to the other depending...

New Treaty Regime for the Arctic: Do We Need It?

Introduction The Arctic has some exceptional features. It is currently covered by ice that is significantly melting because of global warming. The Arctic is prone to environmental degradation. It is shared by several countries. Consequently, it is not surprising that a call for a new treaty regime for the Arctic...

The European Conventions on Human Rights

The following essay is concerned with the European convention on human rights with special emphasis on Article 8 which is concerned with the privacy of individuals and family life. The essay tries to answer the question on the implications of Article 8 of the European Convention Human Rights for decisions...

Genetically Modified Organisms: Legal Issues

Introduction Industrialized nations have constantly been pursuing different ways of existence in style particularly in the latest inventions and sciences, one of the sciences being biotechnology. Biotechnology is a recent type of science, which is less than 30 years old and is improving invention equally in manufacturing and farming in...

The International Human Rights Law

Introduction People are social beings, they live together in families, societies and a nation in general, and to live in harmony human beings have an obligation toward each other in the community. Governments acts as a central controlling power to the society,, it has to come up with policies and...

Norm Jus Cogens and International Legal Responsibility

Introduction International Law has been described as “a body of rules which are legally binding on States in their intercourse with each other” (Oppenheim). International Law originated in Europe in the sixteen and seventeenth centuries and was created to govern the diplomatic, commercial, military, and other aspects of European society...

Development of the ‘Indistinctly Applicable Rules’ Under EU Laws

One of the chief goals of the EU is to achieve a single market where there will be free movement of merchandise within the member states. Free movement of goods will promote competition and result in price advantage and quality of the product to the EU consumers. There exist two...

Non-Fiscal Barriers to the Free Movement of Goods

Creating the single integrated market and ensuring the free movement of goods within its territory is one of the main objectives of the European Community (EU). Articles 34 – 37 TFEU (28 – 31 TEC) are a significant part of these strategies aimed at removing the non-fiscal barriers having a...

Van Gend en Loos: The Case Study

Introduction This case has since famously received the name of Van Gend en Loos. In the book by Hanson, this case represents a very essential ruling as related to the European Court of Justice. The importance of this case is emphasized by the fact that it set out that the...

The European Convention on Human Rights and the the Human Rights Act 1998

Introduction European Convention on Human Rights The European Convention on Human Rights is a specific document which contains different articles that suggest human rights common for all countries of the European Union. This presupposes that national laws of the countries that belong to the European Union should be based or...

The Geneva Conventions: Aims and Importance

Introduction The Geneva Conventions are a set of treaties and protocols that were formulated in 1949 by the international community to make sure that humanity was respected during wars. The Geneva Conventions were a response to the great sufferings that people experienced during the Second World War. 59 states participated...

Arizona Immigration Law vs. Chinese Exclusion Act

For almost two centuries, immigration issues have polarized American society. Five months ago, Arizona governor Jan Brewer signed the bill SB1070 (Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act) into law. This law is designed to force illegal Mexican immigrants to leave Arizona. It requires police to ask the immigration...

The Militarization of Outer Space

Introduction The last quarter century has seen the United States leading other nations in developing space technology and exploration of outer space. The world’s superpower has played key role in the establishment of an international legal regime to promote the use of outer space for peaceful purposes and ensuring all...

International Law: Non-proliferation Treaty

International Law is a set of regulations that are supposed to minimize the number of conflicts between states and help countries achieve compromise through means of diplomacy. Its origins can be traced back to 1648 when the Treaty of Westphalia was conducted in response to a thirty-year war that devastated...

Use of Force: Is It Justified?

The use of force by is often justified as the ultimate measure against the scenarios that involve an immediate threat to the well-being of any of the parties involved, especially the victim or innocent bystanders. However, the problem of power abuse by the party that ostensibly uses it in self-defense...

How International Law Prohibits the Use of Force

Introduction To begin with it is necessary to mention that the International Law is aimed to restrict the use of force or the threat of force, still, there are laws, regulating the principles of fair war and the principles of self defense. The central point of dealing with international law...

Jus Cogens and Legal Responsibilities of States

Introduction Jus cogens is an international principle of public law that is generally accepted by the international community as a norm that cannot be terminated. Even though the majority of states currently admit the existence of peremptory law, its identification attracts particular attention from international judges, lawyers, and scholars. The...

Sovereignty and International Law

Countries believe in the idea of state sovereignty where each country has the right to dictate on what goes on within its boundaries without interference from other countries. This notion has existed for a long time and is aimed at reducing incidences of countries fighting. Each country has the freedom...

Contracts of International vs. Domestic Sale of Goods Act

Discussion The rapid expansion of global trade in recent times has made businesses to deal with the laws and customs of many states. Litigations at all times are costly everywhere, and quite often people doubt about fairness of legal rules and procedures exhibited in other countries. For this purpose therefore,...

Legal Regime Related to Women Trafficking

Introduction Human trafficking is an international issue that has violated human rights. It entails human transportation from one location to the other without the victims’ knowledge for the purposes of exploitation in their destined country. This emerging world phenomenon is a gross violation of human rights comparable to modern slavery....

Customary Law and Treaty Law

During the existence of international legal practice, there has been a plethora of disputes, opinions, and discussions regarding which source of international law is the main one – a treaty or custom. Many scholars and officials have stated that an international agreement should be in favor in this regard, claiming...

Public International Law: A Case

Outline This paper seeks to delve into the aspects of international law from the viewpoint of the lotus principle, instituted after the tragic collision of the SS Lotus of France and an ill-fated Turkish collier, Boz-Kourt way back in 1928. While enunciating the legal grounds for the court’s decision in...

Terrorist Attacks on Offshore Oilrigs Analysis

Abstract Recently, terrorists have turned to oil rigs as their prime targets. The case of Nigeria’s pipeline explosions and offshore oil rig attack demonstrate this latest tactic of terrorists to wreak havoc on people and property. Despite the reducing number of victims involved in such attacks, State security continues to...

How Effective is the UN Security Council

Introduction The UN Security Council is responsible for maintaining international peace and security in the world (Malone 2004). The composition of this most powerful organ of the united nations include five rich and influential countries in addition to ten other elected states with a term of two years which is...

International Law Without World Government

Introduction Those who believe in international law have a negative response to the statement ‘there is no world government, there can be no International law, they believe international law exists.’ Concurrent sessions of this essay shall identify and analyze reasons that make International law believers emphasize having a world government....

Public International Law: Entry into Force of Treaties in International Law

International law preserve refer to three different legal disciplines. Public international Law. Private International Law. Supranational law or the Law of supranational organizations. Public international law Public international law is also known as international public law concerns the relationships between supreme ruler nations. This is developed mainly through involving more...

The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

International legal issues of today relate to the idea of legal personality. These include international rights, legal capacities of states, non-state actors and transnational bodies. However, when we face these issues, different institutions provide diverse opinions on personality. These institutions consider various aspects related to the international person. In addition,...

Military Humanitarian Intervention and International Law

Introduction History has seen numerous instances of systematic violations of human rights in certain countries and regions. Although widely condemned by the global community, it is rare that there are direct interventions to end human rights abuses due to the international legal concepts of sovereignty and self-determination. This paper will...

Stopping Deportation of Undocumented Immigrants

Introduction The debate regarding the future of more than 11.3 million undocumented immigrants who reside in the United States has dominated political, academic, social, and religious discourses for many years. Currently, there are more than 1.5 million undocumented immigrants from Asian countries. This debate has been intensified by the 2014...

Fairness in International Law and Institutions

Introduction International law refers to the law that operates between independent states and regulates the operations of many international organizations. The international agreements amongst states constitute the international law and its rules are binding to the signatories. The customary laws recognized by the international community forms one of the sources...

Immigration Reform and Citizenship for Illegal Immigrants

Introduction Immigration reform is a political discussion on how to change and improve the current condition of the immigration system. People relocate to the United States because of the promises of economic prosperity, freedom, and high quality of living. However, the current immigration system is ineffective and does not fulfill...

The Legal Nature of Public International Law

Introduction Public international law is comprised of rules and regulations that govern the relations between different countries, between countries and international organizations, and between countries and certain individuals (Botha, Ehrenbeck & Finney 2011). Public international law can be divided into five main categories: humanitarian law, international human rights law, international...

Human Rights in Public International Law

Introduction Human rights refer to basic privileges or freedoms that human beings are entitled to regardless of their sex, origin, economic status, social standing, race, or gender (Moriarty & Massa, 2012). These rights are based on the principle of respect for human beings and they are universal, inalienable, and inherent...

Constitutive Elements of Customary International Law

Introduction Customary international law is defined by Talmon as an aspect of the international law that is based on principles of customs.1 It is one of the primary sources of law used at the International Criminal Court and many other member states of the United Nations. It is often used...

International Law for Intergovernmental Organizations

The initial definition of international law had a limited list of subjects. Under the old definition, only the sovereign states were liable to be subject to international law policies. The internal political and geographical units, such as the states within the countries such as the United States, Canada, or Australia,...