The United States of America plays a significant role in international relations with all other countries around the globe; that’s why its foreign policy is of paramount importance for the country and its citizens. The geographical location of the US provides the opportunity to feed itself expeditiously and quickly construct industry and capital. The United States’ level of wealth and protection offers options out of reach for other countries. Controlling the world’s significant sea lanes enables the US to protect its interests and maintain its strength. The foreign policy of the United States challenges itself to prioritize soft power.
American ideas and cultural characteristics have been widely disseminated and continue to spread around the globe at a weird pace. Culture and values have always been long-term prepositions. Such policy sometimes carries out without certain moves from the government. The government’s policy can vary depending on the current authority and its beliefs and values. However, the entertainment and scientific segments have always been a factor in foreigners’ involvement and concern. However, if the government acts in unattractive ways, it can counter all positive aspects.
American Foreign Policy Problems and Contexts
While speaking about foreign policy, it is required to consider three primary factors and depending problems: the economics, ideological stability, and the maintenance of the country’s position. Hastedt (2020) suggested that political leaders identify the main problems of foreign policy. These problems connect with the conflict interests of the parties, the impossibility of finding a permanent solution (terrorism), and finally, the difference in the reasons and history of the problems.
Realism, Neoliberalism, and Constructivism in Modern International Systems
Donald Trump dubiously posed himself as a structural realist and approved his steps on the international scene to motivate these values. The essence of such methods is to defend a country’s interests without intervention in other countries’ policies but with awareness of the possibility of using the hard power to protect itself. These ideas stand on the conviction that America is the most powerful country in Western Hemisphere.
The supporters of that theory advance such statements because of the simpleness and clearness of methods in international relations. Neoliberalism supports economic independence and focuses on communication and cooperation to solve individual and domestic interests. This policy tends to develop international organizations and laws, which can meet challenges through collective action. And finally, Constructivism seems similar to collective decision-making. Constructivism suggests using global alliances to encourage members for peaceful dispute schemes.
IR Theory in Comparison with CWV
In my opinion, the only direction which can be compared with the ideas of the Christian World View is Constructivism. This policy maintenance to minimize the selfish approach as much as possible. Moreover, it suggests commingled problem-solving in the case of the effectiveness of collaboration between nations. The matching criteria are inextricably linked with soft power practice because you should share experience and essential information in the framework. Constructivism is also similar to Christianity’s World View because of the denial of material things.
Foreign policy methods are pretty controversial in the case of a social point of view. Understanding the necessity to be safe and protected does not allow for maintaining a peaceful foreign policy. On the other hand, various leaders adhere to opposing policies. This case causes intractable international problems and disability in establishing communication. Despite this, there are examples of global difficulties which can be resolved only through joint efforts—at the same time, choosing a suitable foreign policy. The current government should also consider the social needs of its own country and the factors that influence the procedure.
Hastedt, G.P. (2020). American Foreign Policy: Past, Present, and Future (12th ed.). The Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group.