The influence of the US on global politics and economics is often overwhelming, making its electoral process critical in determining the geopolitics in the South Asian countries. Biden’s presidency is expected to influence the adoption of various foreign policies, including the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum and the East Asia Summit. The policies formulated and implemented in the US, including the diplomatic relations, attract the international community’s attention, thus, influencing the recalibration and reorientation of the international policies in South Asia. This paper will evaluate the impact of the US election 2020 on South Asia geopolitics, especially in India, Pakistan, and China.
World Peace and Democracy
On November 4, 2020, Indian leaders in the leading political parties lauded Biden’s victory as a reconstruction of democracy in the US. In the leading political parties they celebrated Biden’s victory as a reconstruction of democracy in the US. The outcome of the country’s November 3 election had a significant implication for the liberal trade policy, as evidenced by the relaxed visa norms and lower crude oil prices (Un & Luo, 2020). Over the years, the US has been the beacon for democracy globally. Successful transfer of power among different administration restores faith in democratic leadership. The outcome of the country’s November 3 election had a significant implication for the liberal trade policy, as evidenced by the relaxed visa norms and lower crude oil prices. Over the years, the US has been a beacon for democracy globally.
Successful transfer of power among different administration restores faith in democratic leadership. There is a feeling that US-India relations will not change much as India’s Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, holds similar principles as Trump. Nonetheless, changes in immigration policies are expected in Biden’s regime, presuming that he will ascend to power as the 46th US president. India hopes that Biden will uphold the legacy of the US administration to control India-Pakistan cross-border terrorism. Today, it is undoubtful that South Asian Americans comprise a large number of immigrants in the US, and their involvement in politics has amplified tremendously. On November 2, many American-Indians showed their willingness to support Biden’s vice-presidential nominee, Kamala Harris, “the daughter of a Jamaican father an Indian mother”.
Foreign Policy Speculation
Biden considers Pakistan as a powerful ally of the US. Therefore, a change in the superpower’s administration would mean a shift in foreign policies for Islamabad. Historically, Pakistan has played a significant mediation role between the US and Taliban nations such as Afghanistan. During Trumps administration, Islamabad has experienced increased withdrawal of US troops due to his disconnection with Pakistan. However, Biden’s administration is expected to strengthen regional politics in the area to resolve the Afghan saga. On November 6, 2020, Afghanistan’s Taliban insurgents urged the next administration to adhere to the diplomatic policy of withdrawing US troops. Biden’s presidency raises speculation on the modification of foreign policies. The Trump administration has been faced with insurmountable criticism due to perceived lack of dependence on traditional US diplomacy relationships.
On November 8, 2020, Indian leaders showed their concerns regarding the ensuing US-China supremacy battle. The current US-China relations have significant implications for South Asia. The ravaging of the coronavirus pandemic has hastened the power competition between the US and China. Biden’s election continues to raise speculation on how the new administration will address its China challenge, posing critical implications for South Asia. Trump’s administration intensified the rebalancing strategy associated with the geopolitical trend of China’s rise due to economic dominance in the global economy. Challenges related to China’s strategic repercussions have continued to dominate US foreign policy, especially on her international relations with India. Most critically, how the new administration will deal with Russia’s perceived influence on US internal affairs will profoundly impact South Asia.
On November 12, some analysts alluded that the election of Biden would enhance the value of the Chinese yuan despite fears of experiencing a longer Trump effect on the nation. Many investors also think that Biden will adopt a multilateral and rules-based engagement to neutralize geopolitical and technological threats posed by China. The South Asian nation has been advocating for the strengthening of the yuan internationally even before the onset of the US elections. Trumps regime has had great implications for China’s economic security, as the president sanctioned Chinese companies from enlisting on American exchanges. This situation elicited concerns about
The 2020 US election will have significant impacts on the geopolitics of South Asian countries, such as India and Pakistan, especially in matters relating to the formulation and implementation of domestic and international policies. In this context, the concluded election will witness a momentous shift in the recalibration of strategies and foreign policy approaches. The entire process and outcomes of the US presidential election reflect on the country’s sense of standing in the world and how the international partners view the country’s prospects. The internal and external dynamics of the US presidential election has a direct impact on the geopolitics of South Asian countries.
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