Today the Middle East is a vital region in international relations, determined by many political, military, economic, geographical, and demographic factors. On the one hand, it increases its value among other countries and makes people build long-term business relationships with its leaders. On the other hand, it leads to international conflicts related to resources and cultural features. The region is unstable: the ongoing disputes between states and the problem of terrorism do not show that the state of affairs in the Middle East is changing for the better. Due to its geopolitical importance, the Middle East traditionally occupies one of the priority areas in US foreign policy. The significant role of the Middle East in US foreign policy is given by the fact that two-thirds of the world’s oil reserves are concentrated in this region.
Currently, the main confrontation in the Middle East is the struggle for energy resources. The country that will achieve tremendous success in this matter will have the opportunity to dominate the region undividedly. In addition, the country is acquiring the position of one of the leading actors in world politics. Given the above circumstances, the United States is striving to implement the Greater Middle East project, the goal of which is to subordinate the entire region completely. To achieve this task, Washington, by all available means, participates in the overthrow of the regimes it does not like. Mechanisms of this kind for realizing national interests, in this case, imply support for radical groups, aiding terrorist groups in the Middle East region. Undoubtedly, these levers are a destabilizing factor, which aggravates the region’s way to get out of the crisis as soon as possible.
Iran is a particularly critical area of American foreign policy. This country has every chance of opposing the United States in this region and is the only opposing force capable of giving a significant rebuff. It is vital to note that Iran is ruled by mullahs who profess the fundamentalist version of Shiite Islam. The United States and Israel are extremely concerned that Iran does not get nuclear weapons. Iran certainly poses a significant threat to United States interests in the Middle East.
It is crucial that the United States of America was directly involved in escalating conflict situations in the Middle East. This led to a worsening of the internal political struggle, and peaceful protests escalated into bloody conflicts. Undoubtedly, the US foreign policy aspirations in the Middle East region and their implementation mechanisms have only led to negative results. The victims of such actions are mainly civilians. State-occupied territories in the Middle East are a stronghold for the emergence of new terrorist groups.
Despite the United States’ political aspirations aimed at the complete subordination of the Middle East, it is safe to say that Iran and Syria are the strongholds of a gradual exit to the Middle East from the crisis. The United States is forced to recognize Iran as a strong regional state, with which it must also reckon. Speaking about the civil war in Syria, it is safe to say that ISIS’s position is currently significantly weakening. The only correct decision can be called the gradual cessation of destructive actions by the United States to avoid the Libyan scenario. The US should reconsider they attitude to this region and come to a solution suitable for each side.