The Constitution of the United States of America separates judicial, executive, and legislative powers into three distinct branches. The idea of the separation is to ensure a balance so that each department of the government works together with the others. The system is present on all levels: federal, state, and local. The purpose of this essay is to analyze the effect of power separation in the state of Texas.
Similarly to the United States government, there is a three-branch system in Texas. According to the Texas Constitution, the legislative power is vested in the Senate and the House of Representatives of Texas. The Governor’s office is in charge of the executive branch, while there are two courts of last resort that represent judicial power: the Texas Supreme Court and the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals. The Governor’s official website has a list of new policies and initiatives that are implemented through cooperation between the branches (Office of the Texas Governor, n.d.). According to the Governor’s office, the bicameral Legislature has proposed a new economic opportunity policy approved by the executive branch, as “the Texas economy is stronger when we increase economic freedom for all Texans” (Office of the Texas Governor, n.d., para. 1). In this case, the Judiciary’s role is to confirm that every initiative proposed by the Legislature and approved by the government does not contradict state and federal law.
All in all, close cooperation between the government branches is required to improve the lives of Texans. The Legislature proposes new initiatives that are to be verified by the Judiciary and approved by the Governor’s office. Each department of the government is indispensable, as it guarantees that any policy imposed on the people of Texas meets the constitutional requirements and does not contradict state and federal law.
Office of the Texas Governor. (n.d.). Economic advancement. 2020, Web.