Interest groups have drawn an ongoing controversy over their place in the American democratic system. While most people acknowledge the merits of these groups, some critics argue that they cause many of the problems that contemporary society is facing. It is undeniable that they have some adverse effects on governance. Nonetheless, they are good for democracy, as interest groups enhance public participation in issues of mutual interest influencing public policy. They help to represent the citizens’ interests by ensuring that their voices are heard in the political arena. Without these groups, politicians would take advantage and seek to attain full control of government interests and thus influence its policies. However, it is imperative to note that only those interest groups that represent the general public can advance democracy. On the underscore, interest groups and lobbyists that represent private citizens can compromise the ideals of democracy.
Additionally, interest groups advance democracy by providing an effective means of keeping governance in check. Most of them serve as checks and balances systems to regulate the impact of governance. By coming together in an interest group, individuals can speak with a collective voice and hold the people in positions of authority accountable for their actions. In consequence, this helps to limit destructive tendencies such as embezzlement of funds and abuse of office. This way, ordinary citizens get entitled to good governance and thus reap the benefits of democracy. Moreover, interest groups act as useful facilitators of change in society. They help to bring out new ideas, efforts, and interests into society. The groups put pressure on legislators to implement projects that will introduce change in all segments of society. This aspect enhances fairness and equality at the local level. In essence, interest groups are essential in any democratic society. Their activities enhance the practicability of the ideals of democracy. Despite posing some challenges to democratic values, they play a critical role in representing normal citizens’ interests.