Impact of COVID-19 on Federalism

Federalism is one of the philosophical governance systems that involves the sharing of administrative roles across different sectors. An excellent example is America’s distinctive stake between the federal and local entities. Although the strategy fosters prominence in completing specific tasks, it is a phenomenon that receives profound criticism mainly because of the controversy in the division of labor.

The onset of COVID-19 is an event the led to the alteration of the management approach of the American nation due to the dynamic impact on the human race. The disease caused the lockdown of countries and economies while the citizens were forced to quarantine (Béland et al. 654). The different organs of authority focused on the division of the tasks to ensure the safety of the nationalities. It is the mandate of the entity to implement policies that protect the well-being of the local communities hence the contrast in the role of federal and state government.

The governance philosophy is a phenomenon that fosters dynamic impact to the American citizens based on the prioritization during the allocation of financial resources. An excellent example of an institution that faces controversy from both the government and the nationalities is the health sector. The federal administration takes charge of the department and plays a significant role in elevating the quality of service delivered.

The duties of the federal government enshrine three main categories. These include ascertaining the indiscriminate accessibility to personal health, education, and environmental services, evaluation of the state of the nation, and the development of policies and essence of leadership (Béland et al. 655). In this case, the delegated powers fall under two main facets, that is, regulation of the interstate commerce activities and the taxation and expenditure cap for the entire American population. The patronage is an initiative that engulfs rules to boost the quality of health services across the American states. Although other systems, that is, state and local administrations, focus on different roles, there is a profound controversy involving sharing responsibilities during the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19 pandemic is an event that caused a significant disruption in the governance system. Therefore, all personnel focused on the critical role of the medical professionals in providing solutions for the coronavirus disease. The situation affected the entire nation causing profound negative impact while the nurse practitioners introduced safety measures to curb the spread of the illness (Xu and Rashmita 568). The sickness attacks the immune system and renders the necessity of all citizens to wear masks, get vaccinated while observing social distance. The impact of the situation caused the incurrence of high costs of producing the safety equipment for the front-line workers, including the doctors and customer service agents in the various sectors. Primarily, the proficiency of the effects to the entire population justifies the powerful mandate of the federal government to dictate the regulations.

The federal government should dictate the regulations that curb the spread of coronavirus mainly because of its independent state in delivering its services. In a different spectrum, the administrative institution secures a higher number of financial resources to enhance its role in boosting the quality of health service delivery within the nation (Bergquist et al. 623). In this case, the institution attains a better position to handle the crisis involving the pandemic. During the situation, a significant percentage of households suffered from loss of employment while struggling to observe the stay-at-home initiative.

Although the federal entity involves dictating the rules to implement, it is crucial to incorporate the necessary measures to promote coordination with state and local administrations. The participation of the management organs renders the derivation of compelling strategic insights to elevate the efficiency of COVID-19 safety measures. The federal executive focuses on budgeting and providing necessary resources across the states to enhance the equal accessibility of healthcare benefits. Primarily, the command relies on the element that attains significant power and control across all states to ensure an equally based response system.

Different levels of government play dynamic roles in the management of resources across America. Although America utilizes democracy to justify its administrative strategy, the distinctive federal, state, and local entities pose a profound controversy based on the necessity of enhancing the livelihoods of the citizens. In this case, the common goal for all elements involves ensuring the safety of the Americans and the provision of a competent business environment. Therefore, the three components portray a specific influential power. However, the onset of COVID-19 poses an alteration of the roles mainly because of the importance of alleviating the adverse effects (Huberfeld et al. 951).

On the one hand, the delegation of the responsibility to issue directives on measures to curb COVID-19 to federal executive renders efficiency due to the sufficiency in remitting sufficient financial resources. On the other hand, the coordination with the state and local authorities fosters the trickle-down effect of the benefits to all residents.

In conclusion, COVID-19 rules and regulations significantly impact the quality of healthcare services across the American nation. In this case, it is the mandate of the federal government to establish measures that ensure the standard safety of all citizens despite the disparity in the infection rates within the states. Primarily, the delegation of the powers to the federal authority poses a significant impact in attaining the set goals due to the dynamic role of managing the medical and Medicaid programs within the country.

Works Cited

Béland, Daniel, et al. “COVID-19, federalism, and health care financing in Canada, the United States, and Mexico.” Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, vol. 23, no. 2, 2021. pp. 143-156.

Bergquist, Savannah, Thomas Otten, and Nick Sarich. “COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.” Health Policy and Technology, vol. 9, no. 4, 2020. pp. 623-638.

Huberfeld, Nicole, Sarah H. Gordon, and David K. Jones. “Federalism complicates the response to the COVID-19 health and economic crisis: What can be done?” Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, vol. 45, no. 6, 2020. pp. 951-965.

Xu, H. Daniel, and Rashmita Basu. “How the United States Flunked the COVID-19 test: Some Observations and Several Lessons.” The American Review of Public Administration, vol. 50, no. 6-7, 2020. pp. 568-576.

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1. DemoEssays. "Impact of COVID-19 on Federalism." December 27, 2022.


DemoEssays. "Impact of COVID-19 on Federalism." December 27, 2022.