When it comes to issues, beliefs, and philosophy, the Republican and Democratic parties do not share the same opinion. Generally speaking, both Republicans and Democrats support the programs of their respective parties. In-party consensus applies to particular concerns such as economic, healthcare, and immigration policy.
Republicans support strict immigration restrictions, tax reductions, the use of weapons, and the death penalty. They oppose abortion, gay marriage, and privatized healthcare systems (Appelrouth). Therefore, this party tries to protect national interests, promotes a sense of nationalism, rigorous law and order measures, and conservative ideology, seeing family as a shelter and a core of identity. As a result, one of the flaws of this party is lack of compromise; republicans choose to take extreme measures with weapons, death penalties, and LGBTQ+ rights without taking into consideration the negative aspects which affect freedom. The
The democratic party favors open immigration rules argues that wealthy people should pay greater taxes, urge stronger weapons controls, and opposes capital punishment. They embrace gay marriage and adoption rights for LGBTQ+ community families, and they believe that the state should interfere in economic and social problems, especially health care (Appelrouth). Therefore, the modern democratic party promotes equality and equal opportunity for all. However, one of the flaws of the party is the possibility of increased corruption due to changes in tax policy.
As for the cooperation of both parties to provide benefits for the government, the Democratic and Republican parties should work on solutions for poverty, healthcare, equality, and opportunities, instead of trying to win short-term elections. Both parties have ideologies that can be beneficial or harmful. Finding common ground through enforcing both strong community bonds and equality will have a positive impact on the nation.
Hence, both the Republican and Democratic parties are concerned with social and economic issues but view them in a different light. While the Democratic party promotes equal rights and opportunity for all, the Republican party focuses on the protection of the nation’s interests and conservative ideology. Therefore, this makes one party prone to corruption and another party prone to restrictions of freedom and choice. Power consolidation is the only way to achieve the nation’s development objectives.
Appelrouth, Scott. Envisioning America and the American Self: Republican and Democratic Party Platforms, 1840–2016. Routledge, 2019.