The situation of nutrition and food supply in the world is different due to several factors. The first place here should be taken to the economical factors and political climate in the country or within a community of people. Millions of people lack food and healthy nutrition (Jacobsen, 2008). In turn it falls into deaths and spread of epidemics. It is outrageous that the World Community still has a problem with food supply in many African and Asian countries. It is incredible that due to lack of appropriate nutrition foodborne and waterborne diseases emerge. According to the last data by World Health Organization (WHO) “foodborne and waterborne diarrhoeal diseases taken together kill about 2.2 million people annually, 1.9 million of them children” (WHO 1, 2010, p. 1).Along with that, too many people are still suffering from inevitability of starvation death. Thus, it is vital to take a glimpse at the initiatives taken by the UN and WHO in terms of decreasing the food problem in the world. A medical prospect is put to investigate the problem from inside out.
Malnutrition is among the most global features of world campaign for diminishing the food problem. In this respect most of the researchers take it as a given that more attention should be drawn to peculiarities of a location. The paradox lies in the fact that in the areas with high potential for growing crops and producing food the rates of underweight among population are also high (Bhargava, 2006). This is why, for example, in Tanzania and in India people are still struggling for enough food for population. However, it is local governments which should coordinate the situation in focus.
On the other side, United Nations is constantly working out customized plans for each country in need. In this respect the main aspects of coordination are mostly directed to the African countries. In particular, World Food Program (WFP) by the UN reahces those regions covered by hunger and malnutrition to a high degree. For example, schools in Kenya has been supported by meals for the last 20 years due to WFP (WFP, 2010). It is quite necessary when taking into consideration that Some 66 million children worldwide attend school being hungry (WFP, 2010). It is terrible to assume that such a huge number of children are at the edge of survival due to malnutrition.
Nowadays, the main issue of food supply touches upon no solely the essence of food, but also its quality. This is the main factor for human health. The International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN) serves to attack the problem of food quality around the world (WHO 2, 2010). Thereupon, food information is accessible out of the package and particular licenses from a producer. This helps facilitate the global processes of food supply to the regions suffering from hunger and foodborne epidemics.
It is necessary to state that political and economical aspects to solve the amplified problem are loosely interwoven with healthcare prospects. Their coordination and management of public health is supported by WHO and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (Kunkel, 2010). These two organizations are in forefront to fight the risks coming from microbial organisms of great danger for human beings. The main domains doe researching the problem to work out preventive measures are food itself and water. Put it shortly, everything that comes into the organism of a person living in risky regions is under close attention of the two organizations.
However, the world’s most influential organizations coordinating food supply to the regions dying from starvation and inflicted diseases, as a result, faced another challenge. The question is that the sources for food, as strange as it may seem, are also dangerous in such regions. The problem of zoonoses is in focus today. The pathogens coming from animals can simply kill a man. Therewith, it is identified that a scale to which zoonoses afflict human beings in Africa and other parts of the world reaches 60% (Murcott, 2010). Thus, the UN and the WHO are greatly concerned about how to make the environment for domestic animals safer in those risky regions. This task is quite complicated for the World Community: “Addressing zoonotic risk requires multisectoral cooperation and strong partnerships with strong linkages between human and animal detection and response systems” (Murcott, 2010, p. 1).
Information presented above is focused on the problem of food supply to regions where it is most needful. In this respect the role of the UN and the WHO is discussed in terms of current initiatives and further implications. The discussion also touches upon the reasons for starvation and emergence of diseases as well. It incorporates particular reasoning on the ways to reduce the levels of malnutrition in the world.
The paper is proposed for current humanity in order to cooperate for the decrease of the famine and starvation in the world. It refers to personal awareness of each human being as for participation in global movement for healthy nutrition.
Bhargava, V. K. (2006). Global issues for global citizens: an introduction to key development challenges. Washington, DC: World Bank Publications.
Jacobsen, K. H. (2008). Introduction to global health. Boston, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Kunkel, D. (2010). Microbiological risks in food. Web.
Murcott, J. (2010). Zoonoses. Web.
WFP. (2010). Kenya: School Meals Graduates Pass Down Rewards. Web.
WHO 1. (2010). Food Safety. Web.
WHO 2. (2010). The International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN). Web.