Communism and Related Society’s Issues

Communist society was formed primarily to eliminate capitalism, which was regarded as a social class system that misused workers. The employees who were misused established class-consciousness, causing class conflict that was resolute by revolutionary struggle. The public raised against the bourgeoisie and created a communist society. The founders of communist society contemplated the proletariat as those with labor power while the bourgeoisie as owners of production methods in industrialist society (Priestland). In communism, all private ownership was obliterated, and the entire community-owned the means of production. Every individual in communism was required to give based on their capabilities and receive according to their needs, thereby putting society’s needs above and beyond the particular needs of an individual.

Communism became dominant across many nations of South America, Africa, Eastern Europe, and Asia. In Russia, communism developed in the 19th century upon the seizure of power by Bolsheviks during the revolution. Communism comprised various political movements and ideologies sharing the core theoretical values of property, economic enterprises, and common possession of wealth (Arnason 62). The modern form of communist society is underpinned nominally by the Marxism theory put forward by Karl Marx in the 19th century. Communist parties declined the armed revolution but instead embraced classless society and collective property ideals. Communism was not contained in the Soviet Union, it spread across the globe to realize ideal goals. Some countries that embraced communism were Cambodia, Somalia, Yemen, North Vietnam, Yugoslavia, and Warsaw Pact Nations.

Warsaw pact nations included Hungary, Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Albania. Countries that signed the treaty with Russia as Warsaw Pact Nations entered an agreement to aid one another in times of crisis, such as when targeted by another nation. According to Priestland, communist society nationalized each public property and placed railroads and factories under the control of the national government. Global powers such as the USA and England added the beliefs of the communist societal ideas that every person in the movement must be equal. It resulted in the end, causing most individuals in those nations to like and follow the ideologies of communism. Communism’s attraction resulted from its significant ideologies of equally distributing countries’ wealth among its citizens. Poor persons in the countries that embraced communism as they had suffered for a long time from unfavorable societal conditions liked these ideologies. These people believed that communism was a means to improve their living standards by benefiting from decentralized government resources.

Works Cited

Arnason, Johann P. “Communism and modernity.” Multiple modernities. Routledge, 2017. 61-90.

Priestland, David. The red flag: A history of communism. Open Road+ Grove/Atlantic, 2016.

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