The capitalist ruling of the world has been criticized and condemned for a variety of reasons, but the violent pursuit of its goals has been at the forefront. Often revolutionary movements went along with the violence that destroyed national ideas and identities. Capitalism began to lead societies because it achieved rule through blood. State terror in the form of individual parties more than others served as incentives for capital accumulation.
The Shining Path
The Shining Path (esp. Sendero Luminoso) formed a revolutionary directorate and sent its armed forces into strategic provincial areas to launch a people’s war. They used violence against their political enemies, appealing to the theory of the class struggle. The organization criticized the idea of human rights because it is bourgeois, ensuring the rights of the rich and their inviolability while exploiting the working majority. The Shining Path emphasizes that it appeals to individual rights, often violated by liberal politicians. The alienation of the senderistas is justified by their radicalism due to the new philosophy of peoples’ rights. Denial of human rights became a nationalist idea of the Shining Path that went against individuality. Multiple acts of terrorism, assassinations of political figures, and robbery led the Shining Path to deracination.
The film Fernando Returns tells the story of the brutality with which the authoritarian state treated its citizens. Chile’s violent regime led to the deaths of many people, including Fernando Mori, who became a victim. Augusto Pinochet’s capitalism demanded free labor, and Mori, who disagreed, worked for the UN, CELADE. He went missing because, like the other prisoners, he was protesting the carnage. Without violent action, the regime could not be sustained for long, so it became a tool to control people.