Every day all over the world there are emergencies of various scales. According to the Cambridge Dictionary (n.d.), “emergency is something dangerous or serious, such as an accident that happens suddenly or unexpectedly and needs fast action in order to avoid harmful results”. Thus, these phenomena require immediate liquidation.
Elimination of emergencies is carried out by the forces and means of organizations, local governments, and executive authorities. One of the main conditions for eliminating accidents in the centers of destruction and areas of natural disasters and catastrophes is their accurate management. In current conditions, high requirements are imposed on the elimination of emergencies: heads and their staffs must confidently navigate in a difficult situation, make reasonable decisions, timely set tasks for subordinates, and organize the interaction of forces. The control system must be in constant readiness, and the control itself must be stable, continuous, operational, and secretive.
In this regard, it seems that the government should delegate its powers. It is because managers themselves spend much time solving tasks that could be transferred to other entities, which, in turn, could prove themselves and gain significant professional experience. Simultaneously, the transfer of powers should be accompanied by a clear statement of the task, explicit instructions, and the preservation of some restrictions, that is, not absolute freedom of choice. Any deviations from the original plan must be agreed upon within a clear management hierarchy. Subjects should be informed in what sequence, to whom, and on what issues to contact during the work. The government must necessarily monitor other actors’ work, record and evaluate intermediate results, and help them if something went wrong, but not do the work for them.
Thus, the government should remain the major coordinator during disasters, but the transfer of powers to other entities is allowed.
Cambridge dictionary. (n.d.). Emergency. In dictionary.Cambridge.org. Web.