The relations between Brazil and the European Union (EU) were established in 1960 and since that time has developed into systematic and ongoing cooperation. Brazil has retained good relations with all European countries since the end of the colonial period, and the establishment of the EU helped to formalize the links at all levels. As of 2020, Brazil has close cultural, economic, and historical ties with the EU, and the areas are regularly engaged in a dialogue primarily aimed to address the topics of global significance.
In 1992, the Framework Agreement for Cooperation between the European Economic Community and Brazil was signed. In 2007, the 1st EU–Brazil summit was held during which the countries exchanged views on a number of bilateral, regional, and global issues and agreed to enhance their long-standing relationship and reinforce the political dialogue. In 2007, Brazil and the EU entered into an energy partnership aimed to develop cooperation in renewable energy sources and the improvement of energy efficiency. The 2nd summit was held in 2008, during which the countries’ leaders discussed the current issues and the strengthening of EU–Brazil relations. Currently, Brazil and the EU’s partnership extends to the areas of economic and trade cooperation, education, research and development, social dialogue, the environment, climate change, and immigration.
The prospects of the strategic partnership between Brazil and the EU seem mutually beneficial on all levels. The EU is today Brazil’s second-largest trading partner, and the EU holds one of the most important investment stocks in Brazil. In the areas of science and technology, the areas cooperate closely in areas such as biofuels and information technology. Further developments seem promising, and the areas intend to expand the scope of their cooperation.